According to French proto-modernist Edouard Vuillard, in painting, “nothing is important save the spiritual state that enables one to “subjectify” one’s thoughts to a sensation and think only of the sensation, all the while searching for the means to express it.”

To “think only of the sensation” is to perform a radical and, in Vuillard’s time, quite revolutionary act. Just then, for the first time in Western painting, the artist’s feelings and ideas about the subject took on more importance than the “faithful observation” (but is there such a thing?) of the subject itself.
While not exactly a shocking idea today, that a work of art executed from life could bear little or even no resemblance to the visual facts still strikes many, artists and viewing public alike, as puzzling or silly, and somehow wrong. Vuillard’s work remains thoroughly representational, but rather than accurately rendering the visual world, it reflects it in a colorful state of uncertainty, flux, and fluidly, something like a droplet of mercury would, perhaps.

Edouard Vuillard, Large Interior with Six Persons (1897), Kunsthaus Zürich

Vuillard was a member of a group of painters taking their cue primarily from Paul Gaugin who called themselves The Nabis (trans: Prophets). We looked at a painting titled “Women and a Dog” by one of the other members, Piere Bonnard, last week.
For the Nabis, the aim was no longer illusionism, accuracy, or mimesis (Plato’s term for art’s supposed basic means and function). The new goal was to breathe fresh life into the stiff, predictable, “heroic” art of the
academy by applying subjectivity and creative freedom to the depiction of everyday patterns, colors, figures and settings.

Edouard Vuillard, In the Waiting Room

For Vuillard what was important was the “spiritual state” that allows an artist to reinterpret visual reality through sensation and feeling. A few years ealier, French Impressionism had shown that artists could successfully compete with the newly proliferating camera. The Nabis showed that artists didn’t even have to.
Collectively The Nabis advanced painting into new territory. Color, form, shape, even pictorial space, all could be used expressively in addition to (or, to take it one teeny step further, *rather than*) descriptively.

Edouard Vuillard, Woman in a Striped Dress Le corsage rayé (1895), National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

This was indeed painting of the future. Its greatness is that it still does and likely always will seem fresh, jubilant, complex, and alive.

Edouard Vuillard, Persons in an interior – Music (1896)


Susan Blackwood: MAPing is on the Menu

This painting by Susan Blackwood won a top award at the prestigious American Watercolor Association show.

Susan Blackwood is a Signature Member of the American Watercolor Society and the National Watercolor Society. She has painted en plein air (outdoors) in England, Wales, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Mexico, and China. Over 70 of her paintings have been reproduced by several companies and sold all over the U.S.A., Canada, Europe, England, and Australia as limited-edition prints and giclees.

So how does a career like Susan’s happen?

Susan Blackwood began with a burning desire to draw. In fact, in the very early years, the walls of her house became her crayon “canvas.” After that was shut down by her parents, she became a little more creative as she took her pencils and drew behind the curtains. That was only discovered when the curtains came down!

Susan’s parents were both artists. And later in life, when she traced her family tree, she discovered that she has family ties to Rembrandt. So, the love of art and the desire to create art run very deep in her family. This may explain the non-stop focus, passion, and drive to make art.

She has always had an intense level of curiosity. She says her favorite subjects are the ones right in front of her at any given time. Whether in real life or in photos, Susan can find the spark in almost anything she sees.

Take “gobs” of photos

Susan takes pictures all the time. She takes pictures of everything. “For me, it’s more ‘found’ things, like capturing the way a shadow falls from a tree,” she says.

She has specific tips on exactly how to use the camera to get the most interesting pictures (no matter what kind of phone or camera you have). She uses what the camera captures as a major (but not the only) source of inspiration.


What sets her apart from most is that she has every brushstroke planned; she uses her own “MAPS” system. It stands for Making Artistic PlanS and it allows her to plan out a composition and move smoothly from nothing to completed work in a very short amount of time. Having a plan, she says, actually eliminates stress; it lightens your mind and allows you to just relax and paint.

In the beginning, she felt resistance from some artists to the idea of putting some structure on an act so creative. But in a short time, those same artists became raving fans of her MAPS system. The increase in speed is not at all because of shortcuts or lower quality. In fact, the paintings created under this system tend to be higher quality, with fewer mistakes. They have better design cohesion. They are the kinds of paintings an artist can build a reputation on.

Blackwood explains and demonstrates her MAPS system in the video, Simple Watercolor Secrets (Using the MAPS System).